The equator is an imaginary line that stretches around the centre of the Earth. These products include fruit, coffee, cacao (for making chocolate), rubber, dyes, rice, wood, and gums. This is because the few nutrients that are available in the soil are found near the surface. Tropical Rainforest Biome Facts: Two-thirds of all plant life on Earth lives in a Tropical Rainforest Biome. Orchid stamens often look like extra petals). Plants that live in the rainforest must be able to survive in areas that receive a lot of rain and may even flood. One of the widely-known Amazon Rainforest facts is its status as the biggest rainforest in the world. Many orchids that grow in the tropical rainforest are epiphytes. Epiphytes such as orchids have special spongy roots for obtaining water and particles from the air. ActiveWild.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores. The trees, shrubs, vines and flowers of tropical rainforests provide food and shelter for the animals that live in the forests. Join us as we discover one of our planet’s most fascinating habitats, teeming with wildlife and incredible ecosystems in our awesome facts about rainforests! It’s estimated that between 40% and 75% of all living species are native to the rainforests. Many other rainforest plants are harvested for food. 2. Epiphytes can grow in large numbers without harming the host tree. It gives of a smell like rotting flesh, which is why it is also known as the âCorpse Flowerâ. Epiphytes are plants that grow on other plants. Some of the tropical rainforest plants are pineapple, pepper, palm tree, orchid, fern, peanut, orange, lemon, coffee, banana and avocado. Click on the photo below to discover this week’s animal! Plants of the genus Cecropia also rely on insect help. One of the most amazing plants in the tropical rainforest is the Rafflesia arnoldii. Water is collected in the cylinder formed by the leaves. Buttress roots grow out at an angle from a treeâs trunk up to 10 metres from the ground. Home to more than a half of all animal and plant species on our planet, these natural habitats carry out important functions that make life on Earth possible, including producing oxygen, regulating the climate, offering food and serving as a basis for various kinds of precious … This includes most of the other trees, and if you look at the rainforest from above, it looks like a single unbroken sea of trees. All Rights Reserved. Many rainforest palms (including the acai) are grown for their edible fruit, which are used to flavour fruit drinks and ice cream. These thick, woody plants have roots in the ground and wrap themselves around other plants in order to reach the sunlight. For example vines quickly grow up the trunks and branches of trees to reach sunlight. The Amazon Rainforest itself is home to more than 40,000 plant species! Orchids have three petals and three sepals (sepals are the outer parts of the flower. These roots stick out of the mud or water like snorkels. Many of these plants are used in cancer fighting drugs. Lianas are rainforest vines. Rainforest Plants. There are around 2,800 palm speciesÂ in the world. There are more than around 80,000 different species of Rainforest plants, and these include flowers with special features and adaptations, trees with the unique root system, shrubs, bushes, and many vines that are utilized by man either for commercial or food purposes. In tropical regions, more than 2 metres of rain falls every year.