Some areas of the earth are mountains while others are covered by water. Flower colour is also important. Clear notes with well explanation. Some plants prefer to live in hot and dry areas of land. Question 20 Why mountain trees are cone shaped having sloping branches? Tree - Tree - Adaptations: The environmental factors affecting trees are climate, soils, topography, and biota. The presence of nostrils in dolphins and whales is an adaptation for breathing. Though a large number of living organisms share the same habitat (say, a pond), but their food habits are different, Due to this, the organisms face less competition for food. Evergreens trees are conical in shape, allowing them to shed heavy snows with minimal damage to the trees' branches. So, the habitat of a camel is the desert. Plant adaptations in the desert, rainforest and tundra allow plants and trees to sustain life. This adaptation helps them in maintaining their body temperature, and in … On the high mountains, it is also more windy. (2) In the mountain habitat, it is very cold during winter and snowfall may also occur. The geographical feature and environmentconditions on earth differ from one place to another. In order to survive the changing climate, animals are equipt with special features which help them in their adaptation. For this reason, plants have adapted to store food, moisture and energy. Question 2 How is camel adapted to survive in a desert? The process of becoming accustomed to a different environment (such as high altitude of mountains) over short periods is called acclimatisation. Trees and plants also serve as food and shelter for many animals. Since a camel loses very little water from its body, it can live for many days without drinking water. For. (b) The mountain goat has strong hooves for running up the rocky slopes of mountains for grazing (The hard and rough feet of an animal are called hooves). Question 16 Describe the various ways in which mountain plants is adapted to live in mountain? The mountain habitats are usually very cold and windy. Over thousands of years, the abiotic factors of a region change. A mountain goat is adapted to cold and rocky environment of a mountain habitat as follows: (a) The mountain goat has long hair to protect it from cold and keep it warm. The leaves have thick waxy skins which help to retain water for a long time. At higher altitudes harsh environmental conditions generally prevail, and a treeless alpine vegetation, upon which the present account is focused, is supported. land are said to live in a terrestrial habitat. (1) The deer has eyes on the sides of its head which enable it to see in all directions at the same time. The plants in desert habitat are well adapted to cope with the shortage of water and high temperature by storing water (when available) and reducing the loss of water. After breathing in air, they close the blowholes with flaps and dive into the sea. (5) Temperature (or heat) is required for the germination of seeds to grow into new plants. Examples are: Pond, Lake, River, Swamps and Oceans. The various non-living things such as soil, rocks, air, water, sunlight and temperature etc. The Appalachian Mountain range ends in our state. Question 1 What is a habitat? 3.The submerged aquatic plants have narrow and thin ribbon-like leaves which bend in the flowing water of rivers and streams and hence do not obstruct the flow of water. The dominant factors in the desert habitat are scarcity (shortage) of water and high temperature. (4) The fish has strong tail for swimming. In desert, there are animals like desert rats and desert snakes which do not have long legs like camel to keep their body away from hot desert sand. Different types of plants and animals live in different habitats. Camel is adapted to live in a desert because of its following special features: (1) The camel has long legs which help to keep its body away from the hot sand in the desert. registered in England (Company No 02017289) with its registered office at 26 Red Lion Leaves of these plants are needle-like Have a waxy coating to prevent any damage from snow. The desert rats and desert snakes come out of the burrows only during cool night in search of food. The animals in these regions are usually white or light colored, e.g., polar bear, penguin. Foxes 9. Filed Under: Class 6, The Living Organisms and Their Surroundings Tagged With: abiotic components, adaptation, Adaptation in Animals to Mountain Habitats, Adaptation in cactus, Adaptation in Camel, Adaptation in Deer, Adaptation in Desert Animals, Adaptation in Desert Plants, Adaptation in Fish, Adaptation in Lion, Adaptation in Mountain Goat, Adaptation in Plants to Mountain Habitats, Adaptation in Snow Leopard, Adaptation in Yak, adaptations in animals living in the aquatic habitats, Adaptations in Aquatic Plants, adaptations of frog, aquatic habitat, biotic components, desert, example of adaptation, examples of habitat, forest, fresh-water habitat., grassland, habitat, mountain, ocean, terrestrial habitat, types of aquatic plants, types of habitat. (3) The lion has eyes in front of its head which enable it to have a correct idea of the location of its prey. Some of the examples of habitats are : Forests, Grasslands, Garden, Deserts, Hills, Fields, Soil, Homes, Tree, River, Sea, Pond, Lake, and Sea-shore. The growth is slow as the plants do not have to make much food.Example: … That level is called the timberline, or tree line. The body structure of a fish helps it to survive inside water. Frogs spend most of their time on land but come back to water to lay their eggs. Question 10 What is meant by terrestrial habitat? Spring and summer in the mountains is a very short period, between late June and September, after which frosts begin and mountain ranges are covered with snow. A living thing can survive in a particular habitat if its body is suited or adapted to the environment or conditions of that habitat. The adaptation in some animals such as yak, mountain goat and snow leopard which live in mountain regions are: It is covered with long silky hair to protect them from cold by keeping them warm. So, the habitat of a fish can be pond, lake, river or sea. PICTURES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN POLAR REGION TUNDRA PLANTS PENGUIN PICTURES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN DESERT Approximately 1,700 species of plants live on the Arctic tundra, including flowering plants, dwarf shrubs, herbs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. (2) Aquatic habitats. Only the plants like cactus and animals like camel can survive easily in the desert because changes have taken place in their body structure over a long period of time which hot desert which have little water only. In desert plants photosynthesis is usually carried out by their green stem. (2) The desert animals such as desert rats and desert snakes pass out very small amount Animals like Yak, bear, hill goats, flying fox are the examples. Frogs can live inside water as well as on land, near the pond. Question 3 How is cactus adapted to survive in a desert? The term “abiotic” means “non living”. The adaptations in animals living in water are about their movement in water for breathing. Since desert plants lose very little water through transpiration, they can survive on stored water for a long time. However, plants and animals that do reside in the mountains have adapted in many ways to survive in harsh conditions. Ocean water contains a lot of salts dissolved in it, so ocean water is very salty. The various non-living things in a habitat are soil, rocks, air, water, sunlight and temperature. Class IV Science -Plants Adaptation 1. Variation of Environmental Adaptation. The two examples of aquatic plants which are partly submerged in water are water lily and lotus. (2) The deer has big ears for good hearing. The plants which grow in water are called, 3.The submerged aquatic plants have narrow and thin ribbon-like leaves which bend in the flowing water of rivers and streams and hence do not obstruct the flow of water. 9 Desert. For example : The desert habitat has very little water available in it. A power point detailing animal adaptations to their environment (marine, cold and hot climates). Has explained well. (2)The lion has long, strong and sharp claws in its front legs to catch its prey. The ephemeral plants of the desert can complete their entire life cycle in a few weeks. A desert is a dry habitat. The streamlined body shape helps the fish to move through the water easily (because such a shape offers least resistance to motion). Because of the heavy rainfall, trees and plants grow well. … Some of the common plants and their habitats are given below : The fish is an animal which lives in water. CAN YOU CITE EXAMPLES OF ANIMALS FOUND IN POLAR REGION? As the height of the mountain increases, temperatures fall down and animals are adapted to live in those cold conditions. The floating leaves of partly submerged plants are quite broad but flexible. (2) Many mountain trees have small, needle-like leaves due to which these leaves lose very, little water in windy conditions. The plants grow better and survive longer in a particular habitat to which they are adapted. This website is very useful has everything I need. Question 13 How is frog adapted to live in water and on land? A habitat provides everything to the organisms which they need to live. 6. (4) Most of the desert plants have long roots which go deep into the soil for absorbing water. After some days however, small changes occur in our body due to which our body adjusts to the new environment of thin air on mountain. In science we call this adaptation. (2) Air provides carbon dioxide gas to the plants for making food. Plants adaptation to Tundra: Tundra is a type of biome distinguished by its very cold temperatures, lack of precipitation, and absence of trees. Habitats of Georgia Habitats & Adaptations S3L1.Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about the similarities and differences between plants, animals, and habitats found within geographic regions (Blue Ridge Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plains, Valley and Ridge, and Appalachian Plateau) of Georgia. A power point detailing animal adaptations to their environment (marine, cold and hot climates). Despite these harsh conditions, several plants have adapted to the tundra's climate. of urine and hence conserve water in their body. Frogs are adapted to. Ocean is not a fresh water habitats. Long hours of exposure to the sun results in a tan. Plant adaptations to cold and hot climates included. The living things such as plants, animals and micro-organisms in a habitat are known as its, The abiotic components of a habitat are: Soil, Rocks, Air, Water, Sunlight and Temperature. Also Read NCERT Solutions for Chapter 9 The Living Organisms and their Surroundings. Enjoy learning more examples in this enjoyable KS2 quiz for pupils in Year 3, Year 4, Year 5 and Year 6. And a large area of grass covered land used for grazing is called grassland. This is a behavioural adaptation and it helps the Grass Tree survive by saving its nutrients and instead of using it on height using that nutrients on the roots. (5) The deer has strong teeth for chewing hard plant stems of the forest. Square Birds 12. Dolphins and whales breathe in air through blowholes when they swim near the surface of water. This pigment helps to absorb the heat and protects the nucleus, thus protecting the DNA from mutation due to UV radiation. We also find snow, desert, forest, grassland, pond, rivers and lakes. (3) The stems of desert plants are also modified for storing water. water availability) may dominate the prevailing conditions, Dolphins and whales can stay inside water for long time without breathing. For instance, the San Bernardino Mountains have a Mediterranean climate and contain lush plant life, including chaparral, scrub oak, wild lilac, manzanitas and yucca plants. Adaptations of plants in different habitats 1. Some of the adaptations in animals living in the aquatic habitats like ocean (or sea) are as follows: (1) Many sea-animals have streamlined bodies to help them move in sea-water easily. In some (4) The lion is light brown in colour. A lot of class prediction possible. For this reason, plants have adapted to store food, moisture and energy. Plants at higher elevations have stems or rhizomes which extend deep beneath the soil's surface. This is where the organism meets its basic need for its survival: food, water, shelter from the weather and place to breed its younglings. Plants give out water through the pores present on the lower side of their leaves. It cannot live without sufficient water. All the parts of an aquatic plant are surrounded by water, so an aquatic plant can absorb water and dissolved minerals directly from the surface of their stems, branches and leaves. Every organism has a unique ecosystemfor its habitat. Plants living in deserts need to reduce the loss of water because water is very scarce in deserts. Types of Plants Terrestrial Plants Plants that grow on land Aquatic Plants Plants that grow in water Insectivorous Plants Plants that are carnivorous in nature Non- Green Plants www.reflectivelearn.com 3. Plants at higher elevations have stems or rhizomes which extend deep beneath the soil’s surface. Winds are dry and cold. The living things such as plants, animals and micro-organisms in a habitat are known as its biotic components. (4) Sunlight provides energy to the plants to make food by the process of photosynthesis. Many types of fishes 2. musk oxen 7. The desert and ocean are very different habitats having very different environments and we find that different kinds of plants and animals live in these two habitats. We say that our body has acclimatised (or got used) to the mountain environment. The tundra is (4) Water evaporates more quickly in windy places due to which the trees on mountains can lose too much water easily through their leaves. Adaptations How Plants Survive www.reflectivelearn.com 2. On the other hand, camel is an animal which is adapted to survive on very little water for long periods of time. (3) The stems of desert plants are also modified for storing water. is called. Frogs can live inside water as well as on land, near the pond. In desert, there are animals like desert rats and desert snakes which do not have long legs like camel to keep their body away from hot desert sand. (2) Many mountain trees have small, needle-like leaves due to which these leaves lose very The second adaptation is a behavioural adaptation and it is that the Mountain ash is a very fast growing tree. Frogs spend most of their time on land but come back to water to lay their eggs. Moreover, the high temperature in hot desert increases the evaporation of water from the leaves. Mountains can be a barrier to both plants and animals due to rapidly changing ecosystems, harsh climates, scarce food and treacherous climbing. Plants growing in or under water are called aquatic plants. There are few trees or places for animals to hide in grassland habitats. For example, cactuses store water in their trunks and stems, while aloe plants store water in their leaves. The all round vision of deer helps it to see animals like lion (which kill it), in all the area around it. A plant or an animal is adapted to survive in its habitat. Thank you for sharing this. (2) Most of the sea-animals have gills which enable them to use oxygen dissolved in water for breathing. Your email address will not be published. Plants adaptation to Taiga: The plants that live in the Taiga are better adapted to life in a land of limited sunlight and poor soil nutrition. (5) A camel has large and flat feet which help it to walk easily on soft sand (by preventing it from sinking into soft sand). To survive in mountain habitat, the trees should have adaptations to protect … The snow leopard has also fur on its feet and toes. The colder it … Plants and animals have different features that help them to survive in their own habitat. Submerged plants. Hence, the pr… 1. A cactus is an example of a plant … Flowers that follow the sun can be seen on mountain avens and Iceland poppies. Because of the heavy rainfall, trees and plants grow well. Frogs are found in shady, damp conditions near ponds. The plants and animals which live in desert have developed some specific features in their bodies due to which they can survive in hot and dry conditions present there. Question 12 Why speed is important for the survival of animals like deer which live in grassland habitat? (b) The mountain goat has strong hooves for running up the rocky slopes of mountains for grazing (The hard and rough feet of an animal are called, A large area of land covered mainly with trees and plants is called a. This protects its feet from cold when it walks on the snow. SUMARRY OF ADAPTATION IN POLAR BEAR 1. Also, these plants produce smaller leaves to prevent water loss. The habitats having water all around are called, Ocean water contains a lot of salts dissolved in it, so ocean water is very salty. So, the presence of gills in sea-animals is an adaptation for breathing inside the water. Also detail of surface area to volume ratio and its importance to body shape. A desert is a dry habitat. A water based habitat is called an aquatic habitat. soil water is frozen in the form of ice and not available to their roots. (3)The deer is fast and agile animal. Mountain ecosystem, complex of living organisms in mountainous areas.. Mountain lands provide a scattered but diverse array of habitats in which a large range of plants and animals can be found. Your email address will not be published. The stems of desert plants are also covered with a thick waxy layer (called cuticle) which prevents the loss water from it. The desert is a dry area with scarcity of waters thus the plants there have small leaves and many spines which help them to conserve water. cactus plant grows and survives well in the hot and dry areas of desert. This website and its content is subject to our Terms and On the basis of mode of life, hydrophytes are of following types: Free floating plants. To survive in mountain habitat, the trees should have adaptations to protect themselves from the rain-water, snowfall and loss of too much water. desert snake survive in the hot desert having lack of water due to the following adaptations: (1) The desert animals survive by living in burrows during the hot daytime.The desert rats and. (4) The broad-leaved trees found on mountains shed their leaves before the onset of winter. The burrows stay cool during the day and hence protect these animals from the sun’s heat as well as loss of water from their body. 9 Desert. b) MOUNTAIN REGION. little water in windy conditions. (d) The snow leopard has big feet to spread the weight on snow and prevent it sinking into soft snow. A land based habitat is called a terrestrial habitat. The streamlined shape of sea animals is an adaptation for swimming in water. Environmental Impact on Photosynthesis . The green leaf-like structures which we see in a cactus plant is actually its stem. Different kinds of plants and animals live in different habitats. Some adaptations of plants are following: Tundra also contains permafrost, or permanently frozen soil. The deer is a herbivorous animal which eats only the plant material as food.
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